There are two potential approaches of stem cell-based cartilage repair and regeneration. The first is ex vivo cartilage tissue engineering, in which a replacement tissue is constructed in vitro – meaning outside the body in a laboratory using stem cells combined with scaffold using specific environmental stimuli.
The second is in vivo cartilage regeneration via stem cell therapy using its anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects. Stem cells are concentrated and injected locally into the affected joint. Stem cells can be applied systematically as well. So… which is better? Find out in our next episodes.
Great video… http://youtu.be/ESeleN5WqJ0